Pensare oltre i confini
Nida-Rümelin shows why, even from a cosmopolitan and universalist perspective, borders must be defended and migration policies require greater global justice along with appropriate regulation of migration flows. Neither nationalism nor the indiscriminate opening of borders are reasonable social policies to steer us towards a less unjust world. Nida-Rümelin's arguments force us to step outside the box and think about a more concrete vision of global justice. With the dry and sharp prose of an effective journalistic account, Julian Nida-Rümelin takes the reader out of the crisis of orientation fueled by dominant narratives, providing with expository simplicity the minimum tools to build one's own ethical and political judgment on the migration issue.
Auf dem Weg in eine neue deutsche Bildungskatastrophe
Education is high on the public agenda and education policy reforms are on the agenda. But where has this transformation led? Has education in Germany changed for the better over the last fifty years, or are there developments that call for caution? So what new challenges does education in Germany face? The well-known philosopher Julian Nida-Rümelin and the renowned educationalist Klaus Zierer explore these questions. Based on reflections on the philosophy of education, they discuss the nationalization, measurement, planning and uncertainty of education and try to show alternative ways of a humane education on the basis of twelve unpleasant truths.
Demokratie als Kooperation
Democracy - according to the author's central thesis - should be understood as a special form of cooperation. This thesis stands in contrast to a widespread rhetoric that sees the essence of a democratic order in the so-called "self-determination of the people". Democracy as cooperation, however, also stands in contrast to the economistic variety of pluralism, according to which democracy is limited to establishing certain rules of the game within which people optimize their private interests. An introductory chapter on political ethics is followed by studies of the problem of cooperation in political philosophy. The main goal of the author's argumentation: the basis of a civic conception of democracy is an adequate understanding of cooperation.
Rationalität in der praktischen PHILOSOPHIE
How can the theory of rational decision be made fruitful for basic questions of practical philosophy, but what are the limits of this approach at the same time? These are the questions addressed in this book. The authors demonstrate that decision theory is compatible with a broad spectrum of anthropological and rationality-theoretical positions, that it opens the view for the great typological variety of different decision situations, and that it allows a differentiated analysis of attitudes guiding action. Designed as an introduction for students and teachers, this book conveys and discusses the foundations of this theory, its central concepts and methods, and introduces important philosophical applications in ethics and political philosophy.
Politische Philosophie der Gegenwart
In this introduction to political philosophy, rationality theory is presented in its basic features and the relationship between rationality and political order is systematically discussed. Readers will become acquainted with the classical contract-theoretical approaches of political philosophy and their further developments in contemporary theoretical drafts. Finally, the paradigms of political philosophy are related to political practice and its contemporary currents.
Philosophie und Lebensform
Reasons give our rationally and normatively constituted form of life the structure we need as human beings - as members of this, as Julian Nida-Rümelin says, "strange species whose sufficiently developed specimens are guided in their judgments and their actions by reasons". What role does scientific knowledge play in this? What is the relationship between life form and science, meaning and intention, ethics and everyday practice, morality and politics? These are the questions addressed by Nida-Rümelin's philosophical essays collected here, which document his pragmatist philosophy in exemplary fashion.
Demokratie und Wahrheit
In this book, Julian Nida-Rümelin takes up a central question of political philosophy: Must truth claims be renounced in a democracy in order to secure civil peace? In view of the current religious and cultural conflicts, this topic is highly explosive.
Humanismus und Leitkultur
"More than two billion people worldwide live in abject poverty, suffering from hopelessness, hunger, oppression and war. Open borders would not significantly alleviate the misery, but would even further weaken the regions of origin and exacerbate social conflicts in the receiving countries. A solution to the shameful humanitarian scandals of our time they are not. Whether we succeed to combat effectivelythe global poverty and lack of prospects in the regions of origin, will be the litmus test of our humanity."
The essays contained in this volume deal with three ethical topics: ethical questions of justification, the relationship between rationality and morality, and problems of applied ethics. Nida-Rümelin advocates a coherentist conception of ethics that both distances itself from utilitarianism (consequentialism) and avoids an excessive rationalism of a deontological character. This volume also contains a detailed documentation of the current debate on Nida-Rümelin's theses on contemporary questions of ethics.
Economic Rationality and Practical Reason
Decision theory in the broader sense, embracing the theory of games and collective choice theory, can help to understand practical reason in philosophical analysis. But there are interesting aspects which cannot be dealt with adequately within a decision-theoretic conceptual framework. To have both of these convictions justifies to neglect dis ciplinary boundaries and poses a problem for the orthodoxies of either sides. All the essays of this volume focus on the relation between economic rationality and practical reason and discuss different aspects of the same problem, i. e. a basic deficiency in the standard economic theory of practical rationality. But philosophical analysis would not be of much help if it just rejected the economic paradigm. It must rather help to integrate economic aspects into a broader view on practical reason.
Logik Kollektiver Entscheidungen
This book deals with the logical relations between individual preferences and collective decision-making. Ethical and political criteria of collective decision-making are analyzed and their compatibility with normative principles is examined. The presentation does not require any special prior knowledge. It does, however, require a willingness to familiarize oneself with the formal aids that are indispensable for understanding. The book is addressed to all those who are theoretically or practically concerned with collective decision-making: economists, political scientists, philosophers, but also ethical, political and economic practitioners.
Entscheidungstheorie und Ethik
In this book, Julian Nida-Rümelin deals with the relationship between rationality and morality. What does it mean to act rationally? What possibilities does contemporary decision and game theory offer to clarify ethical problems? How far does the rational choice approach carry in rationality theory and ethics? The argumentation leads to a coherent conception of rationality theory and ethics, which, contrary to its consequentialist reduction in the so-called rational choice paradigm, retains decision theory as a conceptual framework open in terms of content.